Planting - You can plant at any time of the year. First
select an area you wish to plant, spade the area nice and
deep. When digging holes for plants, dig deeper than needed
for the plant and put some old manure or leaf mulch in the
bottom along with some loose soil over that to cover it. Then
plant your Hellebore and water in well.
Hellebores do need shade in summer but do try
to avoid planting them in very dense permanently shaded
positions. They will grow and flower more prolifically if they
get good light in the cooler months.
Feeding - A covering of leaf mulch and
old manure is of great benefit. I also give them a good sprinkle
of 8/9 month Osmocote as this gives the plant a balanced diet
during the growing season. For a good crop of flowers, give them
a good feed of anything low in nitrogen in late summer as this
encourages flower production.
Leaf Maintenance - Their leaves do
get ratty and sometimes get some black spots. I cut these off,
or cut all of the leaves off in late summer, around when you
fertilize them with a low nitrogen fertilizer.
Water - Do not over water your
plants. If in summer they should get droopy, give them a good
drink and keep them well mulched.
Pests - The Helleborus has
relatively few problems. Aphids can be a problem in spring and
early summer. You can spray for that but I find as I cut my
plants back anyway they do no damage to next years flowers.
Snails and slugs can be a nuisance in the early part of budding
and flowering. Use any brand of pellet or liquid to deal
- Hellebores are also known as the Winter rose, English winter
rose, Christmas rose or even the Lenten Rose. They originate
from central and southern Europe but have also been found in the
Himalayas and Asia. Hellebores are found if a wide range of
areas but prefer semi shaded conditions such as at the edges of
Hellebore falls under the Ranunculaceae family. Most helleborus
are grown from seed so flower colours can not be guaranteed as
per the parent. Hand pollinated plant in controlled conditions
can come true in about 70% of the time, but you also have a
great opportunity to get something very special.